The month of the heat or the month of ripening. The sun with its heat dominates this month. At the beginning, the harvest of the seeds that are now ripe begins. The agricultural works are in full swing, although the solar entities like Pantels, Pali and Parliai, all sisters with Saint Elijah, punish fiercely the hardworking farmers. The name of the month of July comes from the Latin Iulius – the name of Julius Caesar who was born this month. It is far too hot for new flowers to appear only the chrysanthemums, the lilies and the yarrow bloom this month, because it is warm, it is July and it is the month of the Heat.
In July in the Romanian traditions, even the weeks have names, because the wheat is very important:
- Week 1 – Harvest week
- Week 2 – Pantellia week (the Sun’s goddesses), with the highest heat
- Week 3 – St. Elijah. It usually rains and there are thunderstorms with electric shocks because St. Elijah is riding in the sky
- Week 4 – The first week of summer. Having the wheat harvested, the peasant is relaxing for a week
The Romans called this month Quintuilus (the fifth month). Traditionally the month of July is called “Cuptor” (The Oven). The hotter it is in the “Cuptor” month, the colder it will be in the “Faurar” month (February).
A superstition Romanian people have about marriage in this month is that because of the very high heat, the newlyweds will not have money (because the sun burns), but their love will be hot. Traditionally, couples married in the fall because they had everything (wine, plum brandy, and vegetables).